How to Submit

General Instructions for Manuscript Submission

All manuscripts are to be submitted in English or Portuguese. Manuscripts should be typed double-spaced on 8 1/2" x 11" (DIN A4) paper, with 1" to 1 1/2" margins. The order of the manuscript should be: title page, abstract and key words, text, references, tables, legends, and figures. The original and three complete copies of the entire manuscript, including figures and tables, etc., should be submitted to:

Prof. Dr. Henrique Olival Costa
Editor Executivo
Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia
Av. Indianópolis, 740, Moema
CEP 04062-001 - São Paulo/SP

The journal strongly encourages authors to submit electronically prepared manuscripts in WordPerfect or Microsoft Word. Follow the instructions set forth here exactly; if, for example, the reference section is incorrectly styled, the value of the diskette submission will be reduced. Four double-spaced hard copies of the manuscript must accompany the software.

Manuscript Preparation

Title page. The title page should be separate, and should include the article title, the full names and addresses, as well as the degrees, of all authors, and the name of the institution where the work was performed. The names of the authors should appear only on the title page. The reprint address should include the full name and address, including the ZIP code, of the author to whom all reprint requests are to be sent. Please also include the telephone number of this author. It will not appear in the journal. If the author to whom proofs are to be sent is not the one to whom reprint requests are to be sent, please indicate this, giving the full name and address of the author to receive proofs. A short running title should be listed at the top left-hand corner of the title page. Any information about grants or other financial support should be supplied as an unnumbered footnote to the article title.

Abstract and key words. On a separate sheet, a concise abstract of 50 to 300 words should be accompanied by about 2-6 relevant key words (index terms – There is a MeSH copy at the initial page of the site).

General articles

General articles are defined as reports of original work, and these contributions should be substantial and valid. Readers should be able to learn from a general article what has been firmly established and what significant questions remain unresolved. Speculation should be kept to a minimum.

Review articles

Review articles are usually solicited but you can submit it. They are expected to fully cover the extant literature concerned with a specific topic. The review should assess the bases and validity of published opinions and should identify differences of interpretation or opinion. The reviewer must be informed in the topic under consideration and must be recognized as competent in judgment and evaluation of its literature.

Research articles

The text of research reports should be organized into a short introduction outlining the main point of the research, a description of the materials, methods, and results, and finally a discussion or conclusion.

Case reports

Only unusual and especially significant reports will be published. Priority will be given to reports of
multidisciplinary interest.

Abbreviations and terminology

Uncommon abbreviations must be fully identified upon their first appearance in the text. Since Dysphagia is designed for a multidisciplinary audience, authors should avoid jargon specific to only one discipline. Footnotes should be avoided.


References should be cited numerically in order of appearance. Abbreviations for periodicals should follow Index Medicus style. The data contained in the references should be arranged in accordance with the following.


Donner MW: Radiology in swallowing disorders. In: Heuck FHW, Donner MW (eds.): Radiology Today, 2nd ed. Berlin : Springer-Verlag, 1983, pp 6-11

Journal articles

Cherry J, Siegel CI, Margulies SI, Donner MW: Pharyngeal localization of gastroesophageal reflux. Ann Otol 79: 912-916, 1970.


Tables should be numbered with Arabic numbers and titled concisely, and abbreviations used in the table should be defined in table footnotes. Use superscript lower case letters (a, b, etc.) to list footnotes.

Figure legends

Figure legends should be typed double-spaced on a separate sheet. All symbols, lettering, arrows, and abbreviations used in the figures should be defined in the legends.


The journal reserves the right to return illustrations for revision.


Three of each should be submitted as unmounted glossy prints. They should be carefully marked on the back with an adhesive label or tape indicating the figure number, top of illustration, and the principal author's name. Several prints to be combined into a single illustration should be mounted on cardboard with permanent adhesive or should be accompanied by a schematic drawing of the arrangement desired. Be sure that they will withstand a reduction to 169 x 226 mm. The Publisher reserves the right to cut apart and rearrange figures that do not fit the page. Such combined prints should all be cropped to square off at the edges to facilitate attractive reproduction.

The journal reproduces radiographs in their original presentation. For example, prints should be submitted with the barium bolus appearing in white. Illustrations of the body should be oriented so that right-sided anatomical structures are on the reader's left; however, head scans should be oriented in the conventional manner, i.e., as if the brain were viewed from the top. Lateral views should be oriented with the facial profile to the reader's left.

Line drawings

Three sharp glossy prints should be submitted in a form suitable for reproduction, to allow for a reduction to 81 mm.

Black-and-white halftone drawings

Originals and three prints should be submitted and the final size should be indicated. Shooting the original will ensure optimal reproduction and it will be returned as soon as possible. Labels and lines should be on an overlay of the original, properly registered for accuracy.

Color illustrations

Are accepted for publication with no extra charge.

Size of illustrations

Use the smallest size illustration that can be reproduced with clarity. If possible, prepare artwork so that a 1:1 reproduction is possible. In sizing art, allow for the legend - i.e., do not size the illustration to occupy the entire page space. The dimensions that should be kept in mind when sizing artwork for Dysphagia are:

A full page = a maximum of 169 mm x 226 mm.
A full column = a maximum of 81 mm x 226 mm.
From 1 to 3 mm must be left between figures grouped together.

Guidelines for Electronically Produced Illustrations for Print


Send illustrations separately from the text (i.e. files should not be integrated with the text files). Always send printouts of all illustrations.

Vector (line) Graphics

Vector graphics exported from a drawing program should be stored in EPS format.

Suitable drawing program: Adobe Illustrator. For simple line art the following drawing programs are also acceptable: Corel Draw, Freehand, Canvas.

No rules narrower than .25 pt.

No gray screens paler than 15% or darker than 60%.

Screens meant to be differentiated from one another must differ by at least 15%.

Spreadsheet/Presentation Graphics

Most presentation programs (Excel, PowerPoint, Freelance) produce data that cannot be stored in an EPS format. Therefore graphics produced by these programs cannot be used for print.

Halftone Illustrations

Black & white and color illustrations should be saved in TIFF format.

Illustrations should be created using Adobe Photoshop whenever possible.


Scanned reproductions of black and white photographs should be provided as 300 ppi TIFF files.

Scanned color illustrations should be provided as TIFF files scanned at a minimum of 300 ppi with a 24-bit color depth.

Line art should be provided as TIFF files at 600 ppi.

* We do prefer having the original art as our printers have drum scanners which allow for better reproduction of critical medical halftones.



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